I am aware that there are many youths in the West who are puzzled as to what they should be doing for the sake of Allah Ta’aala (in terms of major obligations). Some will say, “Just focus on Da’wah,” others say, “Gain knowledge.” Before I give my opinion, I’ll place the question here that the questioner asked me:
as wr wb i am young brother who is extremely confused. brother i have looked at the state of the ummah and it saddens me, but i have realised that there are two solutions, seeking knowldge, then giving dawah ( resulting in many students and therefore mujahideen) or going straight to the land of the battle. they are both good but which one is our duty first, coming from the ayat and ahadith and salaf saalih.
brother also as u know most of the practising sabaab today are in this dillema
so if can plz, plz write an artice on this very detailed with daleel inshallah.
may allah guide you to his highest price jannatulfirdaus willingly or
unwillingly, reward youand fulfill your wishes. Ameen
I say: The obligation of all Muslims, both young and old, is to adhere to the Millah of Ibraaheem (‘alayhis salaam). There is no option to leave it except for cases of genuine forms (i.e., Shari’ conditions) of Rukhsah (compulsion) such as the example of ‘Ammaar bin Yaasir (radiyallahu ‘anhu) where he was tortured, beaten, and burned by the Quraysh; the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallam) asked him, “What has passed behind you?’ He said, ‘Evil, O Messenger of Allah. I was not left alone until I spoke badly about you and good things about their gods.’ So the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallam) said, ‘How was your heart (when you said it)?’ He said, ‘I found my heart calm with Imaan.’ He said, ‘If they return (to torment you), then you too return (to what they make you say).” [Hayaat As-Sahaabah, Vol. 1/292]
And whosoever leaves the Millah of Ibraaheem when he is not under any direct Rukhsah, then Allah says about such people:
وَمَنْ يَرْغَبُ عَنْ مِلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِلا مَنْ سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُ
And who turns away from the Millah of Ibrâhim except him who befools himself? (Al-Baqarah (2): 130)
Therefore, every young and old Muslim must be aware of – before finalizing his conclusions in obligations – what exactly the Millah of Ibraaheem entails and requires. A great book on this subject is the one entitled, “Millat Ibraaheem: And the Calling of the Prophets and Messengers and the Methods of the Transgressing Rulers in Dissolving it and Turning the Callers away from it,” by the imprisoned Shaykh, Abu ‘Asim Muhammad al-Maqdisi (fakkAllahu Asra). After one understands it, then they will realize that the obligations of Da’wah and seeking ‘Ilm is a part of the process and both of them have their own categories (i.e., one cannot be put over the other).
As for Da’wah, it is to be mixed with al-Wala’ wal Baraa’ah (loyalty and disavowal); and the Shaykh goes into depth regarding this in his book. As for seeking ‘Ilm, then this is continuous for every Muslim as it is part of his individual obligation to do such a thing because of the hadeeth,
“طلب العلم فريضةٌ على كلّ مسلم ومسلمة “
“The acquisition of knowledge is mandatory for every Muslim man and woman.” (Ibn Maajah)
If what you are asking is in regards to becoming an ‘Alim or studying for many years, then in my opinion – and Allah knows best – you should focus on being around those who are knights by day and monks by night; and they are the Mujaahideen (and those who wish to be with them). And those who are knowledgeable amongst them, take from their fruits and focus on supporting the Jihad fe Sabeelillah in whatever way you can, even if it is by the tongue for the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallam) said,
“جاهدوا المشركين بأموالكم، وانفسكم، والسنتكم”
“Make Jihad against the Mushrikeen using your wealth, selves, and tongues.” (Ahmad & An-Nasaa’ee; al-Haakim graded it Sahih)
And Jihad is fard ‘ayn today, so make sure you are participating in one way or another.
As for those who cannot go physically, then I strongly recommend them to become Scholars of this Ummah – since this is our strongest weapon against the ignorant and Munaafiqeen – and to never forget that Allah accepts Jihad against the Kuffaar by the pen and knowledge by the one who adheres to the Millah of Ibraaheem (‘alayhis salaam). And such people should never forget that the most famous university throughout Islamic history that many of them ended up (for adhering to the Millah) is prison; and by Allah, this is better than accepting a life of humiliation (by living under the Taaghoot without Baraa’ah). So if such people are not ready for accepting the life of hardships, then they are not the ‘Ulama that this Ummah is seeking for and they should live in the mountain paths worshipping Allah Ta’aala (away from society) so that they don’t misguide others to think that their weakness (of not enduring hardships) is strength.
The (intended) Scholars who wish to be upon the Millah must speak openly against the Tughaat, Mushrikeen, and Munaafiqeen as a sharp sword instead of choosing the life of comfort (in the Da’wah) because choosing the life of easiness in Da’wah is the abandonment of al-Wala’ wal Baraa’ah (i.e., the Millah). They must shun those who tell them, “If you speak like this, then you could go to jail!” For such people have abandoned the Millah; and if they make the excuse of “you could go to jail,” as a Rukhsah for abandoning the Millah, then verily their excuse is unacceptable as we have mentioned before.
The attitude of our Scholars should be the likes of Yusuf (‘alayhis salaam) when he said,
قَالَ رَبِّ السِّجْنُ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِمَّا يَدْعُونَنِي إِلَيْهِ
He said: “O my Lord! Prison is more to my liking than that to which they invite me.” (Yusuf (12): 33)
So as a Scholar of Islam, one should never become lenient with the Tughaat and must prepare himself to face the consequences – whether it be accusations, lies, critique, torture, or killing – of being on the path of truthfulness. This is far better than what they invite you to such as “freedoms”, and easiness of life.
For Muslims in general, it is important that they all adhere to this Noble Millah as it is their ‘Aqeedah; and to give up ones ‘Aqeedah for an easier life or a life without hardships is a recipe for humiliation in both worlds by the Lord of the worlds for He, The Exalted, said,
وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالإيمَانِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِين
And whosoever disbelieves in the faith then his deeds are invalidated, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers. (Al-Maa’idah (5): 5)
Finally, we turn to four types of people that are successful in upholding the Millah of Ibraaheem (‘alayhis salaam); so special attention must be given to this. The Shaykh, Abu ‘Asim Muhammad al-Maqdisi said in his book “Millat Ibraaheem” (Pgs. 129-132),
“And lastly, you must know that the people concerning this truth are of types:
• A man who is firm and who makes the Millah of Ibrāhīm and the religion of all the Messengers to be known according to its aforementioned description and he does not fear the blame of any blamers for (the sake) of Allāh. So this one is from the open Victorious Assembly (At-Tā’ifah Al-Mansūrah), while being a caller to the truth who mixes with the people and remaining patient with their harm. And he is the one who has won the honor of both abodes (i.e. this life and the hereafter). And he is the one about whom, Allāh said:
وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ قَوْلا مِمَّنْ دَعَا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِين
And who is better in speech than he who says: “My Lord is Allāh,” and then stands straight, and invites (men) to Allāh and does righteous deeds, and says: “I am one of the Muslims.” (Fussilat (41): 33)
And he is the one meant in the Hadīth, “The believer who mixes with the people while being patient upon their harm is superior…”
And the harm only takes place because he comes with what the Messengers came with. He neither cozies-up to the people of falsehood, nor does he incline towards them nor is he satisfied with their falsehood. Rather, he has disavowal (Barā’ah) from them while openly showing enmity towards them and abandoning all that which assists them in their falsehood including their positions and their employment or careers or their paths. And whoever’s condition is this; he is not sinful for living in their society or their countries. And it is not obligatory upon him to emigrate away from any country he may be in. The Shaykh, Hamad ibn ‘Atīq said within his discussion about His, the Most High’s, statement:
قَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ
Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrāhīm and those with him… (Al-Mumtahinah (60): 4) – the verse.
And the meaning of His statement: “…become openly seen…” in other words, made apparent and clear. And the intent is to clearly continuously show enmity and hatred towards those who unify their Lord. So whoever fulfills that, both in knowledge and action, while openly making it clear so that the people of his country perceive it from him, it is not obligatory upon him to perform the emigration away from whichever country he is in. But whoever is not like that, and yet he assumes that if he is left to pray and to fast and perform the pilgrimage (Hajj), that the (obligation of) emigration falls off of him, then this one is ignorant of his religion, and he is someone who is unaware of the essence of the message of the Messengers…” (Ad-Durar As-Saniyyah, Volume of Jihād, page 199)
And this category of people; if they openly make the truth known and are thereafter threatened with being killed or tortured and yet there is no country, which they can emigrate to, then they have a good example in the people of the cave who withdrew with their religion and fled with it to the mountains. And another example (for them) is in the companions of the trenches who were burned (to death) in the path of their belief (‛Aqīdah) and their Tawhīd. And they neither weakened nor did they surrender. And an example is the companions of the Prophet, who performed the emigration (Hijrah) and performed Jihād and fought and were killed. And your Lord is sufficient as a guide and a victor.
If it were not for them, it would
have collapsed along with its people.But its unshakable mountains
and its pegs were there.
And if it were not for them then
darkness would have shrouded its people.
But they are in it as full moons
• Or a man who is at a lower level than the first, who is unable to take this path, which is surrounded by hateful things. And he fears for his religion and is unable to openly declare it. So he secludes himself with his provisions, with which he follows the streams and the paths of the mountains. He worships Allāh and flees, with his religion, from the trials.
• Or a weak man who shuts his house upon himself and concentrates on his family (affairs) and strives to save them and to preserve them from the Shirk and its people and from a fire (i.e. Hell) whose fuel is men and stones. He avoids the disbelievers (Kuffār) and turns away from them and he does not show any satisfaction with their falsehood nor does he assist it in any way. And this is a must for the safety of his Tawhīd, that his heart remains calm with enmity and hatred for the Shirk and the Mushrikīn. He awaits the removal of the preventing factor (of his leaving) and he waits for opportunities to flee with his religion and for the emigration (Hijrah), to a country, which has less evil and wherein he will be able to show his religion, such as the emigration (Hijrah) of the emigrants (i.e. the companions) to Abyssinia.
• Or another (type) would be one who openly shows the pleasure with the people of falsehood, while cozying-up to their lies and their misguidance’s. So this one has three different (possible) conditions, which the Shaykh, Ibn ‘Atīq mentioned…”
Regarding his last point, he explained this saying that the three conditions are that (1) he is Kaafir, (2) he is a Kaafir Munaafiq, (3) He complies externally, but hates them internally; so there are two conditions for this: (a) he is forced to because of them physically forcing him, so he is still a Muslim, and (b) He is not forced to comply, therefore he is a Murtadd.
The reason why the youth in the West have this dilemma of what to do is because the majority of the Scholars today have chosen to live the life of easy and comfort; a Da’wah that is absent of conflict and hardships from the Taaghoot and Mushrikeen. We find it distressing that such Scholars will say that their (cowardly) method of Da’wah is the Islamic method or an acceptable method; and they use the example of the Makkan Stage. It is strange for them to use such an example since in that period of time, the Sahaabah along with the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallam) were showing open Baraa’ah (disavowal) and thus they faced the hardships. Had they remained quiet like they did before the command from Soorah Al-Muddatthir, they would have never faced such overwhelming oppression. It was because of their Baraa’ah – which was commanded by Allah Ta’aala – of condemning the idols and their Shirk, condemning the practices of the Arabs (such as burying their daughters alive), and many more forms of condemnation, and it was because of their Wala’ to Allah ‘Azza wa Jall; the Kuffaar then proceeded to attack them, stone them, beat them, break them, burn them, torture them, and kill them. So what Makkan Stage absent of Baraa’ah are these Scholars referring to? Are they referring to the period before the revelation of al-Muddatthir?!
And Allah knows best.